Biohazard Bags

Biohazard Bags, as the name suggests, are meant to collect, seal, and dispose of toxic waste that scientists, health personnel, and environmentalists work with. These bags are made of high density materials such as polyethylene, polypropylene, plastic, and polyethylene that are enough to isolate toxic substances. These types of bags have always been used in healthcare settings, but became even more popular with the rising of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The purpose of red and yellow biohazard bags is to contain and segregate medical waste, since it can pose a safety threat both to human life and the environment. Hospitals, clinics, clinical laboratories, and other healthcare facilities generate a lot of hazardous waste that must be disposed of correctly to avoid health damages. Some examples of this kind of discarded materials would be syringes, blood, fluids, flesh tissue, radioactive substances etc.

Red biohazard bags are used to contain anatomical waste, such as human body fluids and tissue, as well as dead animal skins and carcasses. In the clinical lab context, they are used to discard medical apparel, swabs, blood, used drapes, gloves, and any other item that is visibly contaminated with body fluids such as saliva, blood, semen etc. On the other hand, biohazard bags should not keep other waste such as chemicals, alcohol, solvents, radioactive materials, lead, pharmaceutical waste, tubes, food wrappers, beverage containers etc. The purpose of red bags is to separate noxious substances from uncontaminated materials. They collect pathological wastes and objects with blood on them. Common contaminants tend to be anatomical wastes such as tissues, saliva, animal carcasses etc. Other items that are discarded in red bags are clothes soaked in blood, used specimen swabs, toxic medical equipment, infected gloves etc. Red bags should not contain wastes such as alcohol, chemicals, solvents, lead, radioactive wastes, food wrappers, pharmaceutical effluents etc.

Yellow biohazard bags are used to dispose of clinical waste such as swabs, tissues, globes, pads, aprons, masks, metallic parts, syringes, pharmaceutical medicines, chemicals etc. On the other hand, yellow biohazard bags should not be used to dispose of pathological waste, anatomical remains, domestic waste, non-infectious waste, placental waste etc. Yellow bags should be used to dispose of chemicals, clinical materials, pharmaceutical medicines, dressings, swabs, tissues, aprons, soiled gloves, nappies, pads, fluid bags, syringes, metallic parts etc. Items that should not be included within yellow bags are anatomical wastes, placental remains, pathological trash, domestic litter, non-infectious rubbish etc.

Both red and yellow bags should be labeled correctly with the biohazard symbol, sealed safely and tightly, not disposed of along with municipal or public waste, and always used while wearing protective clothing (gloves, masks, aprons etc.). These bags are necessary because waste materials can potentially harm humans and the environment. These hazardous wastes are harmful materials that can be usually found in clinical laboratories, pharmaceutical establishments, healthcare facilities, research centers etc.